The Carmel River News Blog gathers any and all data concerning Carmel River, CA from any and all sources. No claims to veracity are made. All pictures and quotes are owned by their source websites. This site only scratches the surface of the ancient history of Carmel Valley.
Friday, August 1, 2014
"The rancho provided another means whereby Indian labor was integrated into the Hispano economy. Beginning in the 1780's soldiers and settlers were allowed to graze stock in the countryside, using Indian labor entirely. Title to the land always was retained by the Crown, and the ranch owner almost always lived in town, leaving his stock and crops in the hands of Indians working on a share-crop basis. Gradually the Indians became serfs similar to the economy of the Deep South."
From: Native Americans of California and Nevada, by Forbes, 1969.